If you or someone you know might be at risk of heart failure, it is important to talk to your doctor. Answering some simple questions around your health and lifestyle can help you find out if you are at risk.
Just how big of a problem is heart failure?
HF affects 64 million people worldwide2.
Of all adults aged 40 and older, 1 in 5 will develop heart failure in their lifetime1.
The average age of heart failure patients in Malaysia is 606.
HF is the leading cause of hospitalisations in people over the age of 655.
HF is as deadly as some of the most common types of cancer in both men (prostate and bladder cancer) and women (breast cancer)4.
Taking the first step
If you think that you might be experiencing symptoms of heart failure, the first step should always be to speak to a doctor. The doctor will perform an examination and ask a few questions to help determine a possible diagnosis. If necessary, the doctor may recommend one or more tests, including7:
Electrocardiogram (ECG) - a simple test that can be used to check your heart's rhythm and electrical activity7.
Chest X-ray - produces images of your heart, lungs, blood vessels, airways, and the bones of your chest and spine to help detect problems7.
Echocardiography - an ultrasound scan of the heart that gives important information about the heart’s structure and function7.
Blood tests - to check whether there's anything in your blood that might indicate heart failure or another illness7.
- Lloyd-Jones DM, Larson MG, Leip EP, et al. Lifetime risk for developing congestive heart failure: the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation. 2002;106(24):3068-3072.
- GBD 2016 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.
- NHS. Heart failure. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/heart-failure/. Last accessed 2 September 2020.
- Mamas MA, Sperrin M, Watson MC, et al. Do patients have worse outcomes in heart failure than in cancer? A primary care-based cohort study with 10-year follow-up in Scotland. Eur J Heart Fail. 2017;19(9):1095–1104.
- Cowie MR, Anker SD, Cleland JGF, et al. Improving care for patients with acute heart failure: before, during and after hospitalization. ESC Heart Fail. 2014;1(2):110-145.Ambrosy AP, Fonarow GC, Butler J, et al. The global health and economic burden of hospitalizations for heart failure: lessons learned from hospitalized heart failure registries. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014;63(12):1123-1133.
- NHAM MY HF Registry 2021 (interim data)
- NHS. Heart failure treatment. Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/heart-failure/diagnosis/